What are communal areas and services?
If you live in a block of flats with other tenants there will be areas and services of the property used by several people. Some areas or services will be your responsibility to repair and maintain while others will be fall to your landlord.
Communal areas are those areas of a block of flats or a street or an estate which tenants have a right to use in common with other tenants and for which a landlord is responsible. Examples of communal areas are:
Communal services are those that are provided in communal areas and which are provided for the benefit of more than one tenant. Examples of communal services are:
Lighting to shared areas both inside and outside a shared house or block of flats
Roof coverings to shared houses and blocks of flats
Shared drainage to blocks of flats and blocks of garages
Shared rubbish chutes in blocks of flats
We are responsible for all communal lighting to internal corridors or staircases.
Responsibility for repairs to communal areas and services
Many tenancy agreements will set out which repairs a landlord is responsible for. These repairs are set out in the tenancy agreement are likely to include a number of repairs to communal areas or services.
In any case, the law imposes requirements on landlords to keep certain parts of properties and certain services in repair and proper working order.
These requirements mainly apply to keeping the structure and exterior of the property in repair and keeping certain installations, in particular those relating to heating, lighting and sanitation, in proper working order. In addition, landlords should ensure that shared stairs, lifts, rubbish chutes and lighting to shared areas in blocks of flats are properly maintained.